Fruits vs Vegetables: Differences & Health Benefits | Nutrigastro

Many people know that fruits and vegetables are of excellent health significance, but most don’t understand their differences. There are many unique characteristics of vegetables and fruits in terms of nutrition, structure, and taste. Moreover, fruits and vegetables benefit the human body from both culinary and botanical standpoints.  Botanically, vegetables and fruits are categorized depending on the part of the plant they come from. The fruit develops from plant flowers, whereas the other part of the plant is classified as vegetables. Fruits can consist of roots, while vegetables contain stems, seeds, and leaves. However, from a culinary point of view, vegetables and fruits are categorized based on taste. Moreover, fruits usually have a tart or sweet flavor and can be used in snacks, juices, and desserts. On the other hand, vegetables have a mild savory taste and are generally eaten as a main course or side dish.

What is a Fruit?

The fruit is known as the developed ovary of a plant with its necessary parts and contents as the tomato, nut, pea pod, or pineapple. So you can say it’s the edible part of a plant formed from a flower with tissues. There are unlimited types of fruits and their benefits and have sweet and fleshy flavors.

What is a Vegetable?

The edible parts of plants are defined as vegetables. A vegetable is an herbaceous plant cultivated for an edible part like the leaf of spinach, root of the beet, cauliflower, or broccoli flower buds. Examples of vegetables and fruits that are often thought to be vegetables are:

• Avocados
• Zucchini and squashes
• Pumpkins
• Olives
• Cucumbers
• Tomatoes
• Yams and sweet potatoes

Eggplants, apples, corn kernels, and rose hips are also known as fruits. Moreover, mushrooms are neither vegetables nor fruits, but they are a type of fungus.

Types of Vegetables:

Vegetables are categorized according to the part of the plant:

Root Vegetables:

These are underground plants that people love to consume as food.

Root vegetables often store energy in the form of carbohydrates.

Bulb Vegetables:

Onion, shallot, garlic

Tuberous Roots:

Yams and sweet potatoes


Carrots and radishes


Stems like Florida arrowroot

Modified Plant Stems:

Lotus, water lily, potato, ginger, turmeric, and taro

Edible Flowers:

Chives, broccoli, cornflower, basil, okra, bean


Leek, asparagus, cane, sugar

Leafy Vegetables:

Lettuce, mustard, kale, spinach, and cabbage

Fruits that Mistaken Vegetables:

You probably have an idea about foods which are considered as fruits and vegetables. However, different plants are technically vegetables but are often classified as fruits. Tomatoes are a controversial and well-known example of this, but in 1893, tomatoes were officially categorized as vegetables. Tomatoes fit the definition of fruits botanically but are referred to as vegetables because of their flavor.

Here are some of the fruits that are misunderstood as vegetables:

• Avocados
• Winter squash
• Pepper
• Olives
• Cucumbers
• Eggplants
• Peapods
• Zucchini

The Sweet Flavor of Vegetables:

Some veggies have varieties of sweet flavors and are used as desserts similar to fruit, baked goods, and pies. Fruits and vegetables benefit the human body in plenty of ways. Some of the veggies with sweet and tasty flavors include turnips, carrots, rutabagas, and beets.

Nutritional Comparison of Fruits and Vegetables:

When we compare fruits and vegetables nutritionally, we realize that vegetables and fruits have many similarities. Both are high in minerals, as well as fiber, vitamins, and antioxidants. Moreover, fruits and vegetables are rich in taste, calories, and natural sugar. You have to intake fruits and vegetables by season because one cup of an apple contains 13 grams of sugar and 65 calories, whereas one cup of broccoli has 2 grams of sugar and 31 calories. Different types of fruits contain more fiber as compared to vegetables. Vegetables advantage the human body in many ways because leafy vegetables are 84-95% water, and fruits contain 61-89% water. The fruit and vegetable benefits in terms of nutrients are given below:


A good source of vitamin C, vitamin B, and potassium, and also rich in fiber.

Citrus Fruits:

High in vitamin C, folate, beta-carotene, antioxidants, and protection against diseases.

Cruciferous Vegetables:

Cruciferous vegetables are rich in glucosinolates, a combination of various interlinked compounds to prevent cancer.


Full of anti-inflammatory compounds, anthocyanins, and can lower oxidative stress by promoting heart health.

Leafy Greens:

A good source of lutein that has been shown to lower the risk of stroke, cancer, and heart disease.

Health Benefits of Vegetables and Fruits:

There are innumerable benefits of fruits and vegetables, and several studies have proven the advantages of eating fruits and vegetables. Eating more fruits and vegetables will ultimately reduce heart disease, and when you eat three servings in a day, it lowers the risk of heart disease by 70%. Moreover, both are lower in calories and high in fiber and can be consistent. So if you want to reduce your weight gain, you have to intake more fruits and vegetables. The risk of colorectal cancer can also be lower with a fruit and vegetable diet plan. The fiber from fruits is best to keep the blood sugar level in control. Furthermore, fruit juice offers a dose of minerals, sugar, and vitamins. So, you need to pay attention to your diet plan by eating more fruits and vegetables. Here are the top reasons you need to know about the fruits and vegetables benefits for our health.

1.    Great Source of Minerals and Vitamins:

The fruits and vegetables are rich in nutrition packed in vitamins E, C, and A and zinc, magnesium, folic acid, and phosphorus. Potassium is one of the most significant minerals for health, so you need to eat plenty of bananas, prunes, potatoes, and avocados.

2.      Provide a Variety of Textures and Flavors:

The plant-based foods with their full unique flavor will let you get creative in the kitchen. You can try different intense flavors like peppers, onions, olives, or mushrooms. For sweet flavors, fruits like grapes, pineapple, and grapefruits are sources.

3.    Provide lots of Fiber:

Many fruits and vegetables have unlimited fiber to boost human health. Fiber-rich vegetables consist of green peas, artichokes, cauliflower, and broccoli. Moreover, higher fiber consists of pears, raspberries, apples, and pumpkins.

4.    Lower Calorie and Lower Fat:

The vegetables and fruits are low in fat and calories which means you can eat more without worrying about extra fat or calories. When you eat a half cup of grapes, it means you are saving 200 calories.

5.    Protect Against Diseases like Cancer:

The fruits and vegetable diet plan contains phytochemicals which are active substances and provide protection against diseases. So the calories of the fruits are beneficial to lower the risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, and heart diseases. Furthermore, cruciferous vegetables like collards, cabbage, and watercress are sources of lower cancer risks.

6.    Helpful to Maintain Good Health:

Fruits and vegetables are low in saturated fats, sugar, and salts. So fruits and vegetables are part of a balanced diet that can prevent weight gain. Moreover, fruits and vegetables benefit you by decreasing blood pressure, inflammation, and cholesterol levels.

7.    Low in Cholesterol and Sodium:

Fresh veggies and fruits consist of only trace amounts of sodium. The celery in sodium is low because one stack contains 30mg. On the other hand, cholesterol doesn’t exist in vegetables and fruits.

8.    Frozen, Fresh, Canned – All Nutritious:

Eating vegetables and fresh fruits may be your first concern, but there is no difference in both from canned, frozen, and dehydrated product’s prospects. Usually, most frozen and canned products are harvested within the hour, so the nutritional importance is locked in at the spot. The fresh fruits and vegetables don’t need packing, so you can quickly grab an apple or banana.

9.    Smoothies:

The fruits and their benefits are not limited to their usage. If you have a blender, all you need is ice and fruit to ship up a tasty and yummy smoothie. You can add different flavors to increase the taste of the smoothie according to your desire.

Significance of Fruits and Vegetables in a Balanced Diet:

We all are aware of the fact that veggies and fruits are significant to our health. Although fruits and vegetables are essential for a balanced diet, you need to know several fruits and vegetables diet plans.

1.    Rich in Nutrients:

Fruits and vegetables are an essential part of a balanced diet because of their innumerable nutrients. Moreover, seasonal fruits and vegetables are rich in different minerals and vitamins that offer additional health benefits. The fruits and veggies are also significant due to fibers that promote digestive health. One of the primary nutrients in vegetables and fruits is carbohydrates. Carbs are essential due to the energy they provide to the body, specifically glucose, which helps to power the brain. Fruits’ calories contain natural sugar like sucrose and glucose which are a great source of healthy and natural energy.

On the other hand, vegetables like potatoes are high in carbohydrates like fiber and starch. Potassium is also an essential nutrient found in veggies and fruits. Fruits like apricots, bananas, and cantaloupe are good potassium sources, while spinach, celery, and squash consist of plenty of nutrients.

Cantaloupes and bananas are good sources of vitamin B, which helps women during pregnancy. Fruits and vegetables benefit body tissue, and keep your teeth and gums healthy because of vitamins A and C. Vitamin C is found in fruits like pineapple, mango, oranges, and papaya. In contrast, vegetables like carrots, potatoes, and bell peppers are rich in vitamin A.

2.    Health Benefits:

The significance of fruits and vegetables is easy to see with so many nutrients. Different studies have proposed that eating a diet rich in veggies and fruits has various health benefits. Consuming multiple veggies is beneficial to maintain the diet by lowering the risk of strokes and heart attacks. Moreover, veggies and fruits contain antioxidants like vitamins E and C that help protect the body from free radicals. So when you intake plenty of fruits like cherries, blueberries, and strawberries, including veggies such as spinach, carrots, and kale, the cancer risk will be reduced. To ensure you stay healthy and fit, it’s essential to balance your vegetable and fruits diet plan.

3.    Balanced Diet:

There are several types of targeted diets, from weight loss programs to training veganism, consisting of different food groups. The fruit stands and vegetable calories benefit you by marinating a well-balanced diet with nutrient-rich food. Moreover, the keto diet advises you to stop consuming carbohydrates, but any balanced diet requires you to consume a wide variety of nutrients and vitamins. In dietary plans, vegetables and fruits play an important role because of their low-calorie content. So for vegetarians, vegetables and fruits are the diet staples alongside sources of protein like nuts, beans, grains, and seeds.

Final Verdict:

Fruits and vegetables by season are vegan and vegetarian and are constituents of the staple diet in everyone’s life. Typically, most people classify fruits as food eaten as a snack or dessert, and vegetables are eaten as part of the meal. Most vegetables are sweet because they have less fructose, whereas fruits’ sweetness is high fructose. The sweetness of fruits urges animals to eat them, and they spread the life cycle of a plant by spitting it out. Botanically, there is a difference in fruit and vegetable benefits. Therefore, both come with an impressive set of health benefits and nutrients, from slimming your waistline to decreasing the risk of diseases.

Connect to Nutrigastro for personal chef and catering services:

If you are a food lover and looking for some exclusive chef and catering services, you are in the right place. Nutrigastro is the best and most reliable caterer with a personality preparing a quality meal by adding quality to food. You can get different types of fruits and vegetables containing meals to freshen your day because we know how to cook for our valuable customers. Our services are available all week long, and you can get assistance from our professionals at any time. So if you want food-related services for your loved ones, don’t hesitate to call us. We will provide prompt solutions to keep your diet plan according to your needs.


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